Writing Chapter 2 : Family

aunt

عمة / خالة

granddaughter

حفيدة

nephew

إبن أخ / إبن أخت

son

إبن

brother

أخ

grandfather

جد

niece

بنت أخ / بنت أخت

stepfather

زوج الأم

child/children

أطفال / أبناء

grandmother

جدة

parents

والدين

stepsister

أخت من الأب أو الأم

cousin

إبن عم بنت عم إبن خال بنت خال

grandson

حفيد

relative

قريب

uncle

عم

daughter

إبنة

husband

زوج

sibling

شقيق

wife

زوجة

father

والد

mother

والدة

sister

أخت

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GRAMMAR GUIDE: PRONOUNS

Pronouns are helpful in writing. They help you connect sentences without repeating the same nouns. A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun. Two of the most common kinds of pronouns are subject pronouns and object pronouns.

Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns (such as we, she, they) can be the subject of a sentence.

Object Pronouns

Object pronouns replace nouns as the object of a verb. They usually come after the verb in a sentence

PARAGRAPH POINTER: Titles

Many paragraphs have a title. A title of a paragraph tells the main idea in a few words. Here are some things to remember when you write titles:

  1. • Titles are not complete sentences.
  2. • Always capitalize the first and last words of a title.
  3. • Capitalize all other important words. Do not capitalize articles (a, an, the) or prepositions (to, from, at, etc.).
  4. • Do not use a period at the end of a title. Do not use quotation marks (” “) around the title. But you may use a question mark 0) or an exclamation point (!).
  5. • Center a title.

PARAGRAPH POINTER: Paragraph Form

English paragraphs are written in a special form. Follow these rules when you write a paragraph:

  • 1. Indent the first line of each new paragraph about 1 inch (2.54 centimeters) from the margin.
  • 2. Begin each sentence with a capital letter.
  • 3. End each sentence with correct punctuation (a period, a question mark, or an exclamation point).
  • 4. Do not start each sentence on a new line.

GRAMMAR GUIDE: CAPITAL LETTERS

The first word of every sentence begins with a capital letter. Other important words in English begin with a capital letter.

EXAMPLES

1. the first word of a sentence

What is his name? His name is Matthew Simmons.

2. the pronoun I

Harris and I like to play tennis together.

3. the names and titles of people

He has a meeting with Dr. Carol Wolf.

Let’s call Song Vee.

4. the names of streets, cities, states,

The library is on Juniper Street.

countries, and continents

She is from Austin, Texas.

They live in Lima, Peru.

Peru is in South America.

5. days of the week and months of the year

His birthday is next Thursday.

We’re going on vacation in June.

6. the names of languages and nationalities

He speaks Vietnamese.

My grandparents are Mexican.